Fanoos "Lantern": Teacher Education for Afghanistan
In the late 90s the Taliban regime closed all girls’ schools in Afghanistan and all but a few religious schools for boys. In 2002, a large number of schools were opened and children flocked into the classrooms but many of the newly-hired teachers lacked any teacher education or training. This was the impetus that in 2008 led CW4WAfghan to start training in-service teachers in pedagogy and in their subject areas. For the next decade, we would train close to 10,000 teachers in seven provinces, who then earned a certification from the Ministry of Education. Teachers improved their practice by adopting active learning methodology, gained confidence in the academic subjects they were tasked with teaching, and children became more engaged in their lessons as a result. Training was complemented by the provision of Science Lab and Library Starter Kits in the schools where the trained teachers worked, so they could apply the new methods they were learning.
By 2017, conditions in the schools had changed. The majority of teachers now arrive in the classrooms after attending one of the 42 Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) that opened across the country, and most students in TTCs today are female. The Ministry of Education is now focused on improving the quality of education in schools, and not merely on enrolling students, recruiting enough teachers and getting schools re-opened. To support this focus, CW4WAfghan evolved its teacher education programming to invest in the public teacher college system.
CW4WAfghan’s Teacher Education program works to strengthen Afghanistan’s teacher colleges to provide the highest quality and most relevant education possible for the country’s future teachers, especially women, who now constitute the majority of students in teacher colleges. Since Fall 2018, our teacher training program has been carried out within the TTCs in order to reach more teachers before they start teaching. The Fanoos Teacher Education Program carries out activities in the following four areas:
1. Building the capacity of leadership in the teacher education system
2. Helping teachers teach reading and writing, increasing children’s literacy
3. Developing critical thinking skills in teachers and students
4. Improving access to learning resources at teacher colleges
Highlights of Results to Date
- The Darakht-e Danesh digital library was installed in campus computer labs at 15 TTCs by the end of 2018, in its offline version (DDL Lite) in 13 locations and full online version (through Internet installations arranged by CW4WAfghan) in six locations
- Training provided to TTCs on managing DDL Lite and their computer labs in six TTCs (Parwan, Panjshir, Bamyan, Nangarhar, Kandahar and Mazar-i-sharif)
- 310 student teachers and their instructors (50% female) completed a workshop on using the DD Library and working with open educational resources (OER) in TTCs in Parwan, Panjshir, Bamyan, Nangarhar, Kandahar and Mazar-i-sharif
- CW4WAfghan developed a librarianship training curriculum for teacher college librarians, producing a TTC librarianship manual for the newly designated TTC librarians
- A survey of the TTC libraries was carried out to understand the conditions of their libraries, collection size, personnel capacity needs, and resource requirements
- CW4WAfghan upgraded the libraries of six TTCs, providing 200 books to each TTC library to increase students’ access to up-to-date information on teacher education
To learn more about how you can help support these activities, visit The Lantern Fund.
Fanoos/Lantern: Teacher Training for Afghanistan, 2008-2016
Locations: Kapisa, Laghman, Panjshir, Parwan, Kandahar, Herat and Kabul Provinces