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Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan

Educators' Resource Kit


This educators' resource kit consists of three main sections which can be used together or separately. ALL FILES MAY BE DOWNLOADED BELOW or from the links provided.

Students will need some background knowledge to use the Interactive Game, but this can be acquired through resources other than the Presentation (e.g. Deborah Ellis' book series "The Breadwinner"). All of the necessary materials can be downloaded from this web site.

This resource was originally funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and CW4WAfghan. This resource is available to download below.  Please send an email to for further information.

For those educators who have used this resource, we request your assistance in completely and submitting the evaluation form contained in the kit. We value your input which help us continue to create and update this important educational tool.

Section 1: Presentation

The resource kit provides visual images through a PDF FILE accompanied by a Educator's Script. This portion introduces the concept of human rights and how they apply to all people. Life in Afghanistan before, during and after the rule of the Taliban regime is discussed. Women and children's human rights are highlighted and changes in accessibility to these rights can be discussed with the students. At the end of the script, suggested Questions and Answers are provided for further discussion.

The Resource Booklet (and Cover) gives a brief recent history of Afghanistan, information on some of the issues and web resources. Many more resources can be found on the internet and in print.

Section 2: Interactive Game

This Interactive Game helps students identify with the plight of the Afghan people by allowing them to follow the lives of individuals through the pre- to post-Taliban time frame in Afghanistan.

Students work in groups of 2 or 3 and each group is assigned an Afghan character using a set of colour-coded Character Cards. Although the characters themselves are fictitious, their stories represent real situations that Afghan people have actually experienced. The colour coding represents four profile categories: blue - urban affluent population, green - urban middle-class, yellow - rural middle-class, and red - urban and rural poor. The number of cards in each colour set reflects approximate percentages of the actual Afghan population in each grouping. A Human Rights Chart listing basic human rights is also given out to each student group.

The students are then instructed to gather in various parts of the room according to the colours on their character cards. This offers them a visual impression of the size of each profile category.

The educator and the class work together to fill out a human rights chart based on their own access to human rights. The children may then read the card labeled "1994", representing life in Afghanistan before the rule of the Taliban. They are asked to identify some of the basic human rights that are represented in the life of their character and to record them on the human rights chart. They then move on to the card labeled "1996" and then the card labeled "present" representing the time frames during and after the reign of the Taliban. At the end of the activity Answer Cards are provided for each character.

Discussion about the changes in access to human rights experienced by the characters is encouraged and teachers are provided with key points for further exploration of the characters and their situations in the Character Analyses provided.

Section 3: Lesson Plans and Suggestions for Action

Lesson Plans have been designed for Grades 4 to 6 and Grades 7 to 12. These activities provide students and teachers with the opportunity to further explore the relevant issues with their class in the time frame available to them.

Suggestions for concrete actions that students can undertake either as individuals or as a group are provided. Resources in the form of printed materials, web addresses and suggested supplementary reading are also part of the kit.

Province-specific Curricula and Lesson Plans

At present we have detailed curriculum connections imbedded into the lesson plans for Ontario and Alberta only. We hope to have more detailed curriculum connections for all Provinces in the future. This section will be updated on a regular basis, so please check again to see what's new! We also welcome any suggestions and input for future materials - contact with your ideas!


  • Detailed curriculum connections
  • Lesson plans Grades 4 to 6
  • Lesson plans Grades 7 to 12


  • Detailed curriculum connections Grades 4 to 8
  • Detailed curriculum connections Grades 9 to 12
  • Lesson plans Grades 4 to 8
  • Lesson plans Grades 9 to 12

Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan
PO Box 86016, Marda Loop, Calgary, Alberta
Canada T2T 6B7

t: 1 (403) 244-5625

Registered Charity #887718203RR0001

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